Have you heard the “mask of pregnancy?” Unfortunately this mask is one that can’t be easily removed.
The medical term for “mask of pregnancy” is melasma. It is increased pigmentation in areas of the face. Three main problem areas have been identified (we’ll use Marilyn to illustrate):
- Centrofacial: involves forehead, cheeks, nose, upper lip, chin
- Malar: involves the cheeks and nose
- Mandibular: involves the sides of your jaw bone.
Melasma (any type) can occur in up to 75% of pregnant women. But this mask is not limited to pregnancy – it can occur when taking birth control pills too, or with general sun exposure, or when taking seizure medication, or with medical problems like lupus or thyroid dysfunction, or simply because of genetics.
*See, you don’t have to be pregnant to get weird skin pigmentation patterns.*
So what to do about it?
First, as always, prevention. Limit any predisposing factors (pretty obvious).
If that factor is pregnancy, know that the extra pigmentation will probably go away without treatment by a year following delivery. If it doesn’t, you can start with the treatment options below.
If birth control pills are the inciting culprit, you can change your pill, use a different form of birth control, or cut your losses.
General sun exposure is an easy one – limit it! You should wear an SPF on your face every day anyway to prevent sun damage and prevent premature aging. So get on that, even if you don’t have melasma. You can also wear a hat (but please, style does count).
With seizure medications, or other medical problems, please ask your doctor before you do anything.
If genetics is at the root of your problem, there’s not much you can do. Move on to the treatment area below.
How can I treat it?
First line therapy is topical bleaching agents: hydroquinone, with or without glycolic acid or tretinoin. You can buy 2% hydroquinone over the counter. For a more potent treatment, or to combine it with these other agents, I would recommend making an appointment with a dermatologist. You want to improve your skin, not wreck it.
If this topical treatment doesn’t work, you can move to chemical peels, then laser treatments, or dermabrasion. Any of these may cause a temporary scary Halloween effect too, so be prepared for a potential 10 days of healing, all the while you contemplate wearing a mask to hide the treatment side effects for your mask.
Source: UptoDate “Melasma” and “Skin changes in pregnancy”